Alazhari Health Research Center (AHRC)

Alazhari Health Research Center (AHRC)

Alazhari Research Center has made a significant contribution to the output , promotion and development of research ,publications and Grants in the faculty of medicine.

Sections :

  • Ongoing Projects
  • Citations
  • Guest lectures and presentations
  • Research and other grants
  • Publications



  • The following studies with Professor Ahmed Elsayed the Head of the AHRC as either the local country PI or  the lead for them
  1. Genetics of Rheumatic Heart disease (part of a multi-country study - cooperation with McMaster University Canada)
  2. Registry of heart failure patients(part of a multi-country study-called GCHF- cooperation with McMaster University Canada)
  3. Registry of rheumaticheart disease patients with a comparison arm between warfarin and a novel anticoagulant (part of a multi-country study- called INVICTUS- cooperation with McMaster University Canada)
  4. Salt intake in Sudan
  5. Trauma in Sudan
  6. Opinion of surgical consent amongst healthcare professionals in Khartoum (cooperation with Stanford University USA)
  7. Obesity amongst Sudanese
  8. Burnout amongst Sudanese medical professionals
  9. Opinion of residents about their research thesis module in SMSB



Citations till 28/09/2021




14 Guest lectures and 46 presentations in national, regional and international conferences



Since 2012


  1. Awarding institution                  Novartis Pharmaceuticals through PHRI
    • Grant holders               INTERCHF investigators including Ahmed ElSayed--Alzaiem Alazhari University
    • Title of project              GCHF and GCHF substudy
    • Start Date                      Sep 2012
    • End Date                       Feb 2014
  2. Awarding institution                  Alzaiem AlazhariUniversity
    • Grant holders               Ahmed ElSayed
    • Title of project              Alkadaro village survey
    • Start Date                      Sep 2014
    • End Date                       Mar 2015
  3. Awarding institution                  CIHR, HSFO and Boehringer Ingelheim.
    • Grant holders               INTERSTROKE investigators including Ahmed ElSayed--Alzaiem Alazhari University
    • Title of project              INTERSTROKE
    • Start Date                      2013
    • End Date                       2016
  4. Awarding institution                  THET (Tropical Health and Education Trust)
    • Grant holders               Chris Lavy- Oxford University and Ahmed ElSayed-- Alzaiem Alazhari University
    • Title of project              Primary Trauma Care programme for Sudan
    • Role in project              Lead in Sudan
    • Start Date                      April 2016
    • End Date                       March 2017
  5. Awarding institution                  Wellcome Trust
    • Grant holders               Prof Bongani Mayosi, Prof Rajkumar Ramesar,Dr Nicola Mulder, Dr Andrew Whitelaw, Prof Stephen, Ogendo, Dr Ana Olga Mocumbi, Dr Christopher Hugo-Hamman, Dr Okechukwu Ogah, Dr Ahmed ElSayed, Dr Charles Kizi Mondo, Dr John Musuku
    • Title of project              Genetics of RheumaticHeart Disease
    • Start Date                      April 2016
    • End Date                       December 2017

           6.Awarding institution                  Bayer Pharma through PHRI

  • Grant holders                 INVICTUS    investigators   including   Ahmed ElSayed-- AlzaiemAlazhari University
  • Title of project              INVICTUS
  • Start Date                      Aug 2016
  • End Date                       Ongoing

          7.Awarding institution                  Bayer Pharma through PHRI

  • Grant holders               GCHF and GCHF substudy investigators includingAhmed ElSayed-- Alzaiem Alazhari University
  • Title of project              GCHF and GCHF substudy
  • Start Date                      Dec 2016
  • End Date                       Ongoing




Available at :


  1. A ElSayed Light on Acupuncture. El Hakeem, Vol 17, 1, 1982,p38-52.
  2. A ElSayed, Embryology from the Quran and the Hadith. El Hakeem, Vol 13, No 1, 1985 p45-48.
  3. A ElSayed, History of Medical services in Sudan from 1870 till today, Community research project in 5th year of Medical College
  4. A ElSayed,ZKarani,A Ashmeg, Cardiac Surgery in the Tropics chapter in the book 'Surgery in the Tropics' p381-385 Westminister publishing ltd, London, 2004
  5. A ElSayed,ZKarani,S Mustafa,MM Mohieldin, More than 1000 cases of open heart surgery in Sudan Heart Center, Pan African Society of Cardiology Proceedings,Cardiovasc J S Afr. 2006 Mar-Apr;18(2):98-125. PMID 17497046
  6. A ElSayed,ZKarani,F Babiker,MM Mohieldin, Surgeryfor the ascending and descending aorta- our experience, Pan African Societyof Cardiology Proceedings,Cardiovasc J S Afr. 2006 Mar-Apr;18(2):98-125.PMID 17497046
  7. A ElSayed,ZKarani,F Babiker,MM Mohieldin, Cardiac surgery for the elderly – should we do it?, Pan African Society of Cardiology Proceedings,Cardiovasc J S Afr. 2006 Mar-Apr;18(2):98-125.PMID 17497046
  8. A ElSayed, Results of operating on the mitral valve by one surgeon, Pan African Societyof Cardiology Proceedings,Cardiovasc J S Afr. 2006 Mar-Apr;18(2):98- 125.PMID 17497046
  9. A ElSayed,S Mustafa, Temperature recovery in operatedopen heart patientsin Sudan Heart Center, Pan AfricanSociety of Cardiology Proceedings,Cardiovasc J S Afr. 2006 Mar-Apr;18(2):98-125.PMID 17497046
  10. A ElSayed,AA Mohammad, Blood gas exchange in operated mitral patients in Sudan Heart Center, Pan AfricanSociety of Cardiology Proceedings,Cardiovasc J S Afr. 2006 Mar-Apr;18(2):98-125.PMID 17497046
  11. Abdelmoneim AA Abdellah, Ahmed SA Elsayed, Mohamed A Hassan, Angiographic coronary arteryanatomy in the Sudan Heart Centre Khartoum Medical Journal (2009)Vol 2 No 1 162-164
  12. Abubaker Ibrahim Elbur, Miraghani Yousif, Ahmed ElSayed, Manar AbdelRahman Prevalence and predictors of wound infectionin elective clean and clean/contaminated surgery in Khartoum Teaching Hospital, Sudan. IJIC 2012 8(4)
  13. Elbur AI, Yousif MA, Elsayed AS, Abdel-Rahman ME An audit of prophylactic surgical antibiotic use in a Sudanese Teaching Hospital. Int J Clin Pharm. 2013 Feb;35(1):149-53.
  14. Elbur AI, Yousif M, ElSayed A, Abdel-Rahman M. Post-discharge Surveillance of Wound Infections by Telephone Calls Method in a SudaneseTeaching Hospital. Journal of Infection and Public Health 6 (2013), pp. 339-346
  15. Abubaker Ibrahim Elbur, Yousif M.A., Ahmed S.A. El-Sayed, Manar E. Abdel- Rahman 2013, Prophylactic Antibiotics and Wound Infection Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2013 Dec, Vol-7(12): 2747-2751
  16. Abubaker Ibrahim Elbur1*, M. A. Yousif2,3, Ahmed S. A. El Sayed4, Manar E. Abdel-Rahman Misuse of Prophylactic Antibiotics and Prevalence of PostoperativeWound Infection in Obstetrics and Gynecology Department in a SudaneseHospitalHealthVol.6, No.2, 158-164 (2014)
  17. Abubaker Ibrahim Elbur,Yousif MA,Ahmed S.A. ElSayed, Manar E. Abdel-Rahman Protocol for Antibiotic Prophylaxis in General Surgery: Influence on PrescribingPatterns Journal of Pharma Research 2014 3(6) 102-106
  18. The H3Africa Consortium, Enabling the genomic revolution in Africa, Science20 June 2014: Vol. 344 (6190):1346-1348
  19. Bongani M Mayosi, Habib Gamra, Jean-Marie Dangou, Joseph Kasonde, for the 2nd All-Africa Workshop on Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease participants Rheumatic heart disease in Africa: the Mosi-o-Tunya call to action, The Lancet GlobalHealth, Volume 2, Issue8, Pages e438 - e439, August 2014
  20. Mohammed Basheer Koko Baraka, Ahmed ElSayedand Ahmed AbdallaMohamedani Effecton Rates of Surgical Site Infection FollowingApplication of an Infection Prevention and Control Training Program in Elsha’ab Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan Journal of US-China Medical Science, Volume 11, Number 4, Oct.-Dec. 2014 (Serial Number 96)
  21. Zuhlke, L., et al, Ahmed ElSayed, et al. Characteristics, complications, and gaps in evidence-based interventions in rheumatic heart disease: the Global Rheumatic Heart Disease Registry (the REMEDY study). Eur. Heart J. 7; 36, (18) 1115–1122 (2015).
  22. Hisham Dokainish, et al, Ahmed ElSayed, et al,,Salim Yusuf, Heartfailure in low- and middle-income countries: Background, rationale, and design of the INTERnationalCongestive Heart FailureStudy (INTER-CHF) American Heart Journal 2015 Oct;170(4):627-634
  23. Ahmed S A ElSayed, Ahmed Ibrahim, Mohamed A M Ibnouf, Mohammed El Makki Ahmed, Osman Taha The BMJ article wrongly taints medical teaching in Sudan BMJ(online) 08/2015; 351. DOI:10.1136/bmj.h4049
  24. Hisham Dokainish, et al, Ahmed ElSayed,et al , Salim Yusuf HeartFailure in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and South America:TheINTER-CHF study International Journal of Cardiology 204 (2016) 133–141
  25. M Pazdernik, M Abdalla, AMA Elbashier, M Elkhawad, A ElSayed, J Grapsa, AS Ibrahim, LIM Ibrahim, K Smolkova. Screening for Rheumatic Heart Disease in Sudan European Heart Journal Vol 37 No 27 July 2016 p 2090
  26. Grace E. Hsiung; Fizan Abdullah , Ahmed ElSayed, Shortage of Global Surgical Care: Tackling the Crisis Sudan Medical Journal 2016, 52:28-33
  27. Ahmed ElSayedThe 41st Regional Conference of the SudanAssociation of Surgeons (SAS) Dongola University 29/02/2016 to 03/03/2016 Sudan Medical Journal 2016, 52:40-42
  28. Martin J O'Donnell, , et al, Ahmed Elsayed, et al, Salim Yusuf, on behalf of the INTERSTROKE investigators Global and regional effects of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with acute stroke in 32 countries (INTERSTROKE): a case- control study Lancet Vol.388 Number 10042 | Jul 23, 2016 p
  29. Liesl Zühlke ,   et al , Ahmed ElSayed, et al , Bongani M. Mayosi Clinical Outcomes in 3343 Children and Adults with Rheumatic Heart Disease from 14 Low and Middle Income Countries: 2-Year Follow-up of the Global Rheumatic Heart Disease Registry (the REMEDY study) Circulation. 2016 Nov 8;134(19):1456-1466. Epub 2016 Oct 4
  30. Tarig YousifMohamed Eltayeb , Malik SulimanMohamed ,Abubaker IbrahimElbur , Ahmed Sayed Ahmed ElsayedSatisfaction with and adherenceto warfarin treatment: A cross-sectional study among Sudanese patientsJSaudiHeartAssoc(2016),
  31. Ahmed ElSayed,Elamin Elawad Elnur The rebirthof cardiac surgeryin SudanCardiovascular diagnosis and therapyVol 6 suppl 1 October
  32. Hisham Dokainish, et al, Ahmed ElSayed, et al, SalimYusuf, on behalfof the INTER- CHF Investigators* Global mortality variations in patients with heart failure: results from the International Congestive Heart Failure (INTER-CHF) prospective cohort study Published online April 30, 2017
  33. Adil Haider et el Ahmed ElSayed et al Fizan Abdullah Development of a Unifying Target and Consensus Indicators for Global SurgicalSystems Strengthening: Proposed by the Global Alliance for Surgery, Obstetric, Trauma,and Anaesthesia Care (The G4 Alliance) World J Surg (2017) 41:2426–2434
  34. SE Kjeldsen, et al, A Elsayed, et al, A Yusufali INTERSTROKE" en internationell och lokal fall-kontrollstudie av riskfaktorer för stroke Blood Press 26 (3),2017,p131-132
  35. EA Prendergast, et al, A El Sayed, , et al, LJ Zühlke, for the REMEDY investigators Participation in research improves overall patient management: insights from the GlobalRheumatic Heart Diseaseregistry (REMEDY) Cardiovasc J Afr. 2018 Mar/Apr 23;29(2):98-105
  36. Peter Langhorne, et al, Ahmed Elsayed, et al, Salim Yusuf Practice patterns and outcomes after stroke across countries at different economic levels (INTERSTROKE): an international observational study The Lancet391 (10134), May 2018, p2019-2027
  37. Katherine Albutt, Kristin Sonderman, Isabelle Citron, Mzaza Nthele, Abebe Bekele, Emmanuel Makasa, Sarah Maongezi, Emile Rwamasirabo, Emmanuel Ameh, Hery Harimanitra Andriamanjato, Ahmed SA ElSayed, Isaac Smalle, Prosper Tumusiime, Martin Ekeke Monono, John G. Meara, Walter Johnson Healthcare Leaders Develop Strategies for Expanding National Surgical, Obstetric and Anaesthesia Plans in WHO AFRO and EMRO Regions World J Surg
  38. Hamad NAM, ElSayed ASA, Mohamed KAT, The effect of early mobilization after diagnostic coronary angiography on the vascular complications at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac and Renal Transplantation Hospital 2017-2019 International Journalof Innovation Sciences and Research Vol.8, No, 04, pp.xxxxxxxx, April, 2019
  39. Ganesan Karthikeyan, et al, Ahmed ElSayed, et al Salim Yusuf, INVICTUSInvestigators 2020 The INVICTUSrheumatic heart diseaseresearch program: Rationale, design and baseline characteristics of a randomized trial of rivaroxaban compared to vitaminK antagonists in rheumatic valvulardisease and atrialfibrillation American HeartJournal Volume 225, July 2020, Pages 69-77
  40. Champagne B, Arora M, ElSayed A, Løgstrup S, Naidoo P, Shilton T, et al.. Healthy Choices for Healthy Hearts:How Front-of-Pack Food Labeling Can Help Reversethe Global Obesity Epidemic. Global Heart. 2020;15(1):70. DOI:
  41. Martin O'Donnell, et al, Ahmed Elsayed, et al, Salim Yusuf Variations in knowledge, awareness and treatment of hypertension and stroke risk by country income level 2021,Heart 107 (4), 282-289
  42. Conor Judge, et al, Ahmed Elsayed, et al, SalimYusuf Urinary Sodium and Potassium, and Risk of Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Stroke (INTERSTROKE): A Case–Control Study 2021 American journal of hypertension 34 (4), 414-425
  43. Andrew Smyth, et al, Ahmed Elsayed, et a, Martin O’Donnell Renal Impairment and Riskof Acute Stroke:The INTERSTROKE Study2021 Neuroepidemiology 55 (3), 206- 215
  44. Tafadzwa Machipisa, et al, Ahmed ElSayed, et al, Guillaume ParéAssociation of Novel LocusWith Rheumatic HeartDisease in BlackAfrican Individuals: FindingsFrom the RHDGen Study, 2021JAMA Cardiol. Published online June 09, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2021.1627
  45. Karaye KM, et al, Ahmed ElSayed, et al, Salim Yusuf3, on behalf of investigators of INTERnational Congestive Heart Failure (INTER-CHF) Study Clinical Profiles and Outcomes of Heart Failurein Five AfricanCountries: Results from INTER-CHF Study. Global Heart. 2021; 16(1):50. DOI:
  46. Ahmed S.A.ElSayed, Healthcare worker stress and burnout in the time of COVID19: A call for action (accepted for publication SudanJournal of MedicalSciences)
  47. Jeffrey G. Edwards, MicheleBarry, Dary Essam MD, MohammedElsayed MD, Mohamed Abdulkarim MD, Basamat M. A. Elhossein, Zahia H. A. Mohammed, Abdelmunim ElnogomiMD, Amna S. E. ElfakiMD, Ahmed ElsayedMD and AndrewY. Chang Health System Factors Serving as Facilitators and Barriers to Rheumatic Heart DiseaseTreatment in Sudan  (submitted for publication)
  48. Radi Tofaha Alhusseini, et al, Ahmed ElSayed Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of medical students towards COVID19in Sudan, 2020: A cross sectional study among 19universities (submitted for publication)
  49. Hamad NAM, ElSayedASA, Mohamed KAT Methods of AchievingHemostasis after Femoral Sheath Removal post Diagnostic Coronary Angiography at Ahmed Gasim Hospital  (submitted for publication)
  50. Martin J O'Donnell, , et al, Ahmed Elsayed, et al, Salim Yusuf, on behalf of the INTERSTROKE investigators Association of Lipids, Lipoproteins and Apolipoproteins with Stroke Subtypesin an International Case ControlStudy (INTERSTROKE) (submitted for publication)
  51. Acute febrile illness, influenzavaccination and the risk of acute stroke.The INTERSTROKE Study  (submitted for publication)
  52. M Taariq Salie1$, et al, Ahmed ElSayed, et al & the RHDGen Network Consortium£.Data independent acquisition mass spectrometry in severe Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) identifies a proteomic signature showing ongoing inflammation andeffectively classifying RHD cases.